Every three years, Wilder Research conducts a one-night statewide survey of homeless people in Minnesota to better understand the prevalence, causes, circumstances, and effects of homelessness. The most recent study was conducted on October 22, 2015.
The study counted 3,296 homeless children with parents, down 7 percent from 2012; and 1,542 families, down 12 percent. However, children with their parents still represent 35% of the overall homeless population, and remain the most likely age group to be homeless.
- Youth on their own age 24 and younger make up 16% of the homeless population, including:
- 471 young adults age 22-24
- 779 young adults age 18-21
- 213 unaccompanied minors
Homeless adults age 22-54 decreased 13% since 2012 to 4,108 people in 2015.
The number of homeless adults age 55 or older increased 8% since 2012 to 843 in 2015. The percentage increase is similar to the overall population growth for this age group. Older adults remain a small proportion of the overall homeless population, and the group least likely to be homeless.
- The number of people in emergency shelters dropped 8 percent and the number of people in transitional shelters dropped 5 percent, while the number of people in domestic violence shelters increased 15 percent.
The numbers reflect homeless people counted on the night of the study. The count should be considered a minimum, since many homeless people outside the shelter system are not found on the night of the study, especially people in rural areas and youth. Estimates of the total homeless population will be released when additional analyses are completed.
View fact sheet (pdf).
These are initial findings from the 2015 study. Detailed data on the background and characteristics of homeless people will be available in May. Reports about specific populations will be released through 2016.
Our previous study conducted in 2012 counted 10,214 Minnesotans experiencing homelessness., and estimated more than 14,000 people are homeless in Minnesota on any given night.
View the full press release.