Wilder Research released a study today, Supportive Housing Outcomes in Minnesota, which looks at two types of supportive housing programs, transitional and permanent, to determine how well they serve people experiencing homelessness in Minnesota. Transitional housing is time-limited housing that aims to increase self-sufficiency and usually includes employment help and support, while permanent supportive housing is focused on getting people safely housed for as long as necessary.
The study followed outcomes for 581 randomly selected people in supportive housing programs beginning in January of 2010. Over a two-year period, 549 were interviewed up to four times through February of 2012. Administrative data for participants regarding employment, benefit use, and homelessness were also gathered.
At the time of the final interviews among all participants:
- 72% of all participants said they had enough income to pay for both housing and food (70% transitional; 74% permanent supportive housing).
- About one-third of residents in both programs reported they were “a lot better” at budgeting money than when they entered the program.
- 48% of permanent housing participants reported they had disability benefits compared to 21% of transitional housing participants.
Ellen Shelton, study co-director says, “Recent funding for new supportive housing has gone almost entirely towards permanent supportive housing. However, given the different characteristics and circumstances of people experiencing homelessness, both types of programs are needed for a balanced continuum to help people gain stable housing.”
Visit Supportive Housing Outcomes in Minnesota to download the full report and executive summary.